Types of Civil Engineering Jobs

by Usama Chaudry on March 31, 2022

Seeking the job opportunities accessible in your field of interest?

Well, it might seem a tedious task at first, but it can be quite interesting, as it can direct you to discover numerous work opportunities that you were not previously aware of. 

And this can be immensely beneficial, especially when you are confident about which industry you want to get your foot in but aren’t sure which career would be the greatest fit for you.

If you find yourself stuck in the same situation, now is the time to relax because:

This article will discuss the duties and responsibilities of a civil engineer and different types of civil engineering jobs and positions.

So let’s move ahead by knowing:

What do you do as a civil engineer?

What Do Civil Engineers Do?

Civil Engineer’s works include designing and building the following types of infrastructures:

The job of Civil Engineers necessitates them to be accurate and think logically to construct infrastructure that is secure and functional for everyday usage.


As the Civil Engineering profession covers such a broad range of expertise, numerous work opportunities are available within the industry. 

Types of Civil Engineering Jobs

Here is a list of five different types of civil engineering, along with fourteen job positions:  

Construction Management Engineering

Construction Management Engineering is concerned with maintaining safety and environmental measures while also considering the amount of time and money required to complete a project. A person who specializes in this type of civil engineering job is also in charge of determining the types of maintenance required to keep the infrastructure in good working order.

Horizontal Construction Engineer

Horizontal Construction Engineers are army members that operate heavy machinery to move earth materials. They also determine the sorts of soil they are functioning with and choose the appropriate machinery to dig up and transport it. Horizontal Construction Engineers are mandated to finish both fundamental and job-specific training.

Commissioning Engineer

A Commissioning Engineer acts as a liaison between a customer and the project team, underscoring the timeframe and resources required to finish a project by the customer’s deadline. This civil engineering position also does test simulations on prototypes to check how well a piece of infrastructure will hold up once it is constructed.

Civil Engineer

A Civil Engineer’s primary responsibilities include supervising infrastructure building and conducting essential maintenance to keep it in working order. Civil Engineers work with their team to design, experiment, and build a project while taking into account the government rules, environmental aspects, and the project’s long-term goals.

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering is another civil engineering field concerned with the interaction of infrastructure with the ground and other natural components. It considers local topography and which construction materials will function best in a specific climate.

Project Engineer

A Project Engineer is responsible for the infrastructure’s construction planning process. They educate construction workers and develop an estimated budget based on the project’s timeline and materials requirements. A Project Engineer may also perform assessments throughout the project’s phases to determine if any changes are required.

Geotechnical Engineer

A Geotechnical Engineer evaluates the local surroundings in which a proposed project will be constructed. They also pinpoint environmental risk factors that could jeopardize the infrastructure’s completion and structural integrity. Geotechnical Engineers examine the subsurface soil and conduct experiments to determine the best building materials to use with the soil type.

Mining Engineer

A Mining Engineer is in charge of assessing the possible risks associated with extracting natural resources like oil, metals, and gas from the earth. They consider these risk concerns to see if it’s safe to finish the extraction at that location. Individuals associated with this type of civil engineering job are also in charge of evaluating a specific location and determining its commercial value. 

Structural Engineering

Structural Engineering employees mathematics and physics to identify the best secure and functional design for a project. This type of civil engineering field concentrates on producing a distinctive and visually beautiful design for a bridge or house and determining which materials will keep the building safe and sound.

Fire Engineer

A Fire Engineer’s profession includes testing and installing the proper fire protection elements in a structure. This involves spotting building defects that may restrict simple evacuations, and placing emergency exit signs and smoke detectors. A Fire Engineer views a building’s construction from a fire safety aspect, adjusting the building’s architecture and features to meet standards. 

Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer is in charge of designing a piece of infrastructure that is both visually appealing and structurally sound. Before beginning a project, they perform risk inspections to figure out the essential materials and physics required to build a functional and secure building. 

Planning Engineer

A Planning Engineer is responsible for implementing the optimum construction approaches. They calculate a project’s probable budget and compare it to the necessary building materials, workforce, and time to finish it. A Planning Engineer’s role is to discover and implement cost-effective methods for a project while keeping safety measures in mind.

Transport Engineering

Transportation Engineering is concerned with the security and efficiency of transportation and transportation networks and how to build them so that their environmental impact is minimized. With new and improved design ideas, Transportation Engineering aims to enhance the convenience of travel together with safety and environmental regulations.

Marine Engineer

A Marine Engineer implements water transportation procedures and is responsible for designing, constructing, and maintaining ships and other aquatic equipment. This type of civil engineering job demands a thorough comprehension of physics to invent long-lasting modes of transportation. A navy ship, boat, or deep-sea drilling equipment could all be designed and built with the expertise of a Marine Engineer.

Traffic Engineer

A Traffic Engineer has the duty of designing roads that will help to reduce or at least restrict traffic congestion. They’re also responsible for figuring out the safest and most efficient road construction paths.

Highway Engineer

A Highway Engineer is responsible for overseeing the construction of major roads, overpasses, and underpasses. They also ensure that these types of infrastructure comply with safety rules and perform on-site maintenance gradually.

Water Engineering

Water Engineering is that civil engineering type that studies how water interacts with infrastructure and how humans might benefit from it. It focuses on how to re-direct water flow in flood-like scenarios, correctly reserve water through building and using dams, and employ engineering approaches to convey groundwater and construct required channels in rural and urban vicinities.

Water Hygiene Engineer

A Water Hygiene Engineer is responsible for creating and maintaining structures that contain, carry, and preserve pure water. They’re also in charge of designing and building drainage systems.

Water Resources Engineer

A Water Resources Engineer builds the infrastructure that transports clean drinking water to households and towns. They are also responsible for shifting water from natural springs, rivers, and lakes to treatment plants and digging underground wells to collect and reserve water.


There are many types of civil engineering, but the most popular include geotechnical, structural, transport, water, and construction and management engineering. These branches demand a unique set of skills and a substantial understanding of mathematics and physics to carry out construction projects successfully.

We hope reading this article helped you understand different types of civil engineering jobs and decide which one of them is appropriate for you based on your interest.

If you are still unsure which job position you should opt for, kindly let us know in the comment section below. 

Usama ChaudryUsama has a Bachelor's Degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Alberta. Computations of electrical and thermal characteristics are among his research interests. Usama's hobbies outside of professional work include reading, playing tennis, and trekking.


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